M. Fruit Trees
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Fruit trees are grown by many Canadian nurseries to satisfy the requirements of the commercial fruit growing industry. As the age/size requirements for the commercial fruit growing industry is somewhat different than that of the retail market, standards have been designed primarily for the needs of the commercial fruit grower. Some nurseries may choose to apply the standards for shade trees,  Section 5.2.3 to fruit trees sold to the retail market.

All grades must be well rooted, free of diseases, and reasonably straight. Two year stock must be branched.

Age of trees may be stated.

All fruit trees should have one label per bundle, tied securely and colour coded.  The understock should also be noted on the label.

Caliper should be taken 3 cm above the bud union. The caliper must govern over the height.  Branched means minimum of 3 branches 30 cm long.

Example: Apple McIntosh (M26) 15 mm cal.

All fruit trees should include the type of understock on the label.

The following height/caliper relationship shall not be deemed applicable in the case of varieties categorized to be genetic mutants. Each of these varieties shall be sized according to varietal characteristics.

“Bonanza dwarf peach”

1 year Trees (by caliper only)
Peaches, Nectarines, Apricots, Plums, Cherries
25 mm whips/branched
22 mm whips/branched
19 mm whips/branched
16 mm whips/branched
13 mm whips/branched
10 mm whips
  7 mm whips

1 year Trees (by height only)
Apples, Pears, Quince
19 mm whips/branched    150 cm
16 mm whips/branched    140 cm
13 mm whips/branched    120 cm
10 mm whips    100 cm
 7 mm whips      60 cm

All trees grown 2 years or greater shall all be measured by caliper only, provided they are sold to the commercial market.

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